Mousa Abu Marzook
Name: Mousa Mohammed Abu Marzook (Abu-'Umar).
Office: Member of Hamas Politburo.
Birth and Childhood:
- Born in Rafah City in 1951.
- Three years earlier, his family was expelled from their original village, Yibna, in the events of the Nakba in 1948.
- He studied his Elementary and Secondary School in Gaza, Palestine.
- 1967: Studied his 11th grade at home, as he refused to study in the occupation-supervised schools.
- 1975: Graduated in Helwan University with a bachelor in mechanical engineering.
- Obtained a master’s degree in construction management from Colorado State University in 1984.
- 1992: a doctorate in industrial engineering from Louisiana Tech.
- Married since 1979, and has six sons and daughters.
- Participated in the founding of the first Islamic center in Fort Collins, Colorado, as well as the creation of several other Islamic and pro-Palestinian institutions.
- He took part in establishing the Islamic University of Gaza.
- He and his fellows established the first branch for the Muslim Brotherhood in the UAE.
- One of the founders of Hamas in 1987.
- He was elected to head the first politburo of Hamas in 1992.
- In 1995, the Jordanian authorities deported him from Amman and closed his office after staying there for 2 years as the president of Hamas's politburo.
- In mid-1995, he was arrested in JFK airport, with no formal charges placed against him, until the Israeli occupation filed a request for the USA to extradite him.
- The Israeli extradition request was accepted, and a legal fight in the American courts ensued, which persisted for 22 months during which Abu Marzook was kept in solitary confinement in New York federal prison– still with no formal charges.
- After nearly 2 years of legal battles, Israel dropped its extradition request for fear that his extradition might drive Hamas to carry out retaliatory attacks or capture occupation soldiers in order to swap him.
- May 1997: With no formal charges against him, the United States released him, and he was extradited to Jordan.
- Following his release, he held the position of the vice-president of Hamas politburo.
- After 2 years of residency in Amman, the Jordanian Authorities deported him again in 1999 alongside with other Hamas leaders. Following his deportation, he moved to stay in Syria.
- In 2012 he left Syria, moving Between Egypt, Qatar and Palestine, kept on the move by the heavy responsibilities he carries.
- Abu Marzook Heads Hamas's delegation in Cairo talks since 2009.